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          COIN CLUB

Reading Coin Club

1859 3d Obverse & Reverse varieties

   

   

ST 1859 Ac - Obv. 1

ST 1859 Ce - Obv. 1B

ST 1859 Ec - Obv. 1E

* The obverse dies 1, 1B & 1C were NOT used in 1858.  In fact, my observations and 

  listings show that none of the 1858 obverse 'used' dies showed the 'early' style 

  "C" plain, without a top serif (in VICTORIA) ! 

   It is possible that the minor repairs and font changes made in 1857 and 1858 

   prompted the Royal Mint to completely overhaul the obverse 1 die with obverse 2.

   As this was the case it would make sense to use up ALL of the old dies that still had 

  use in them (as dies were expensive it would be wasteful to throw away a useful die !).

ST 1859 A - Obv. 1 - (F:D: type - A to Ap) The C in VICTORIA is simple without an upper serif 

                   at the top and the G in D: G: and in REGINA have a short centre cross-bar.

ST 1859 C - Obv. 1Ba - (F:D: type - Ae)  The first 'I' of VICTORIA  appears to have the 

                   corrected repair to the 'I' and it now has a 'full' foot. However, there is a tiny bit of 

                   another 'I' below from an earlier  misplaced trial punch. The 'C' appears similar to 

                   the original 'C' but unlike the example of ST 1857 C2 the 'C' in this example is

                   perfect and un-broken.

ST 1859 E - Obv. 1E  (F:D: type - Ac) The C in VICTORIA now has an upper serif at the top 

                   and is probably 1 size font larger as per ST 1857 C1; C3 & ST 1858 Bc.

                   The G in D: G: and in REGINA have a long centre cross-bar. 

     

ST 1859 Eh - Obv. 1E

Rev. A

Struck from a rusty die.

 See marks on top of head

ST 1859 Fr - Obv. 1E

Rev. A

C over C (Sideways)

 

ST 1859 Gb - Obv. 1E

Rev. A1

Metal flaw across cheek.

Air bubble in metal !?

   

ST 1859 Fr - Obv. 1E

C over C ( sideways) 

ST 1859 Fr C over C

( sideways)

ST 1859 Eh - Obv. 1E  (F:D: type - Ab) The C in VICTORIA now has an upper serif at the top 

                    and is probably 1 size font larger as per ST 1857 C1; C3 & ST 1858 Bc.

                    The G in D: G: and in REGINA have a long centre cross-bar.

                   * Struck from a rusty die - marks above Victoria's head.

                    Rev. A The normal style of the ribbon & bow at the base of the reverse.

                    The ribbon to the left is under / over the long bare stem of the wreath

                    whilst the ribbon to the right is over / under the long bare stem.

ST 1859 Fr - Obv. 1E  (F:D: type - Ar) The C in VICTORIA now has an upper serif at the top 

                    and is probably 1 size font larger as per ST 1857 C1; C3 & ST 1858 Bc.

                    The G in D: G: and in REGINA have a long centre cross-bar.

                   * The C of VICTORIA is struck over a C - sideways ! 

                    Rev. A - The normal style of the ribbon & bow at the base of the reverse.

                    The ribbon to the left is under / over the long bare stem of the wreath

                    whilst the ribbon to the right is over / under the long bare stem.

ST 1859 Gb - Obv. 1E  (F:D: type - Ab) The C in VICTORIA now has an upper serif at the top 

                     and is probably 1 size font larger as per ST 1857 C1; C3 & ST 1858 Bc.

                     The G in D: G: and in REGINA have a long centre cross-bar.

                   * An air bubble has got stuck within the metal and caused the raised surface

                     on Victoria's face - from her nose to just before her hair-line, by her ear.

                     Rev. A1 - The ribbon on the left side has the under part of the ribbon very 

                     weakly struck due to die wear ! The tip of the long bare stem at the left is also

                     worn away.  See below 'Reverse varieties' for picture and details.  

ST 1859 K -  Obv. 1E  (F:D: type - Ab) The C in VICTORIA now has an upper serif at the top 

                    and is probably 1 size font larger as per ST 1857 C1; C3 & ST 1858 Bc.

                    The G in D: G: and in REGINA have a long centre cross-bar.

                         Rev. A3 - The ribbon tie on the left side has been repaired due to the extensive

                    wear as seen with either rev. A1 or A2 but it is impossible to repair the incuse 

                     part on a coin that had worn away - as on the die that part would be - raised !    

                    See below 'Reverse varieties' for picture and details.  

ST - Obverse 2

  

ST 1859 L - Obv. 2

ST 1859 L - Obv. 2

ST 1859 L  - Obv. 2 - This die has basically evolved over 3 years 1857, 1858 & 1859 !

                           Firstly, with the change in the legend of VICTORIA from using the

                           normal 'plain' C to a C with a top serif in 1857 (continued into 1858).

                           Secondly, with the change from G in G of D: G: & in REGINA with

                           a small cross-bar to a G with the long cross-bar in 1858.

                           None of the rest of the legend appears to have been altered in any

                           way. The alignment of the legend to the border teeth remain the same 

                           as does the border teeth count. As per Obverse 1E 

                          Thirdly, and the part that was noticed by Davies was the re-cutting

                          of the hair line below the hair-ribbons with sharp incuse lines. 

                          The small clump of hair, just to the left of her ear has increased in

                          size and the end tip of this clump  now covers the top of her ear.

                  Rev. Back to normal with the ribbon to the left is under / over the long 

                          bare stem of the wreath whilst the ribbon to the right is over / under 

                          the long bare stem.  

1859 Reverse varieties

 

  

ST 1838 to 59 - Rev. A

ST 1859 G - Rev. A1

ST 1846 D - Rev. A2 

ST 1838 to 1859 - Rev. A  This is the normal style of the ribbon & bow at the base of the reverse.

                                         The ribbon to the left is under / over the long bare stem of the wreath

                                         whilst the ribbon to the right is over / under the long bare stem.

ST 1859 G - Rev. A1 The ribbon on the left side has the under part of the ribbon very weakly

                                struck due to die wear ! The tip of the long bare stem at the left is also

                                worn away. This is not the first time this occurred. In 1846 examples of

                                Rev. A1 & A2 (More wear than A1) have been found. 1847 also has

                                examples of Rev. A2

ST 1846 D - Rev. A2  Is showing that the left side has the under part of the ribbon nearly fully

                                missing - to die wear ! More of the long bare stem at the left side is also

                                missing. This example has been shown for comparison.  

  

ST 1859 K - Rev. A3

ST 1859 K - Rev. A3

 

ST 1859 K - Rev. A3 The ribbon tie on the left side has been repaired due to the extensive

                            wear as seen with either rev. A1 or A2 but it is impossible to repair the incuse 

                            part on a coin that had worn away - as on the die that part would be - raised !  

                           The only option of repair to that die is to cut a new incuse groove in that area.

                           The result on the struck coin is that the left side ribbon is now raised ! 

                           The missing part of the left hand stem has been ignored and not repaired.

                           There is now a small gap between the right ribbon and the centre knot where

                           the stem should extend. A tiny bit still remains to the left of the knot but does

                           not continue past the raised left ribbon. 

* This form of repair has not, as yet, been found with 3d coins from either 1846 or 1847 !?

 

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